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React useEffect hook snippet

The useEffect hook gives us the ability to perform side effects in functional components. This hook replaces lifecycle methods componentDidMount, componentDidUpdate and componentWillUnmount

One of the advantage of using useEffect hook is avoiding code duplication. Class React components don’t have built-in methods to perform side effects after each render, whether the component has just been mounted or updated. Therefore, in most cases, it is necessary to duplicate the code between these class methods of the lifecycle componentDidMount and componentDidUpdate

With useEffect hook an application will react faster to user actions, even when the effect is not over yet. This is because, unlike componentDidMount or componentDidUpdate, the useEffect do not block the browser when trying to refresh the screen.

In most cases, using useEffect to update once after updating the DOM is enough. But what if we want to execute additional code after the element has been removed from the DOM? For example, we might want to set up a subscription to some external data source. In that case, it is important to clean up so that we don’t introduce a memory leak. In the React class, you would typically subscribe to componentDidMount and cancel it in componentWillUnmount. In the useEffect hook, to clean up, it is enough to return the function, and React will execute it only when it is time to reset the effect.

type Response = {
  data: string[];

function getFakeData(): Promise<Response> {
  return new Promise<Response>((resolve) => {
    setTimeout(() => {
        data: ['Banana', 'Orange', 'Apple', 'Mango'],
    }, 1000);

const Fruits = (): JSX.Element => {
  const [results, setResults] = useState<string[]>();
  const [isLoading, setIsLoading] = useState<boolean>(true);

  useEffect(() => {
    let ignore = false;
    console.log('mount stage');
    getFakeData().then(({ data }: Response) => {
      if (!ignore) {
    }).finally(() => {
    return () => {
      console.log('unmount stage');
      ignore = true;
  }, []);

  if (isLoading) {
    return <p>loading...</p>;

  return (
      {results?.map((i) => (
        <li key={Math.floor(Math.random() *}>{i}</li>

const Example = (): JSX.Element => {
  const [show, setShow] = useState(true);
  return (
      {show && <Fruits />}
      <button type="button" onClick={() => setShow((prev) => !prev)}>
        {show ? 'unmount' : 'mount'} component

Here is a step-by-step explanation of what happens in the above example:

  1. When the Fruits component mounts, will be called the useEffect hook
  2. To avoid race condition, and ignore stale responses we use the flag ignore
  3. At the end of fetching the isLoading state will be changed from true to false and the result will be shown
  4. By button click we will unmount the Fruits component and the useEffect hook will be called again with unmount stage
  5. On unmount stage loading state will be changed from true to false and the ignore flag will be reseted
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